US and New England Toolmakers

Including Toolmakers of the Maritime Provinces and Important Continental Toolmakers


Also check the Maine toolmakers in the Registry of Maine Toolmakers, our tool catalogs bibliography and citations for the tool manufacturers in Volume 8.  A selection of European makers may be found in the trades bibliography.

No author. (April 1872). The Morse twist-drill. The Manufacturer and Builder. 4(4). pg. 78-79. X.

No author. (December 1893). The Morse Twist Drill Co. and its products. The Manufacturer and Builder. 25(12). pg. 269. X.

No author. (Fall 1982). Lufkin's History. Cooper Canada Newsletter. 4(4). Reprinted by Ken Roberts Publishing Co.

No author. (June 21, 1964). 100 years of leadership in metal cutting. The New Bedford Sunday Standard-Times. New Bedford, MA. X.

Aber, R. James. (November 19, 1978). Some notes on Gage planes. Crafts of NJ meeting. IS(2). Anonymous. (December 1967). Auger and auger bit makers. The Chronicle. 20(supplement). pg. 1-4. IS.

Atchison, Mark. (September 2012). William Palmer–An English nailmaker in New England. The Chronicle. 65(3). pg. 89. IS.

Avila, Richard T. (1999). Cesar Chelor and the world he lived in. Smithsonian Institution, Anacostia Museum, Washington, DC. IS.

Baker, Phil. (2006). The Henry Disston fullback. Fine Tool Journal. 56(1). pg. 13. IS.

Baker, Phil. (2006). Roe’s patent backsaw. Fine Tool Journal. 56(2). pg. 29. IS.

Baker, Phil. (Fall 2008). Phi's saws: Henry Disston and the ergonomic backsaw. Fine Tool Journal. 58(2). pg. 10-2. IS.

Baker, Phil. (Spring/Summer 2012). Johnson & Conaway: Makers of backsaws 1840-1857. Fine Tool Journal. 62(1). pg. 14-7. IS.

Baker, Phil. (Fall 2012). Three Jacksons. Fine Tool Journal. 62(2). pg. 20-24. IS.

Baldwin Tool Co. (1857). Illustrated supplement to ... [tools] manufactured at the Arrowmammett Works, Middletown, Conn. Charles H. Pelton, Middletown, CT. Reprinted in 1976 by K.D. Roberts Publishing Co., Fitzwilliam, N.H.

Barnard, Henry. (1866). Armsmear: The home, the arm, and the armory of Samuel Colt: A memorial. Reprinted in 1976. Private printing, Alvord, NY.

Bates, Alan. (1986). Thomas Napier, the Scottish connection. The Early American Industries Association, Inc. IS.

Batory, Dana M. (n.d.). Vintage woodworking machinery: An illustrated guide to four manufacturers. The Astragal Press, Mendham, NJ. IS.

Batory, Dana. (Fall 2004). Early woodworking machine manufacturers: The terrific twins: Greenlee Brothers & Co. The Fine Tool Journal. 54(2). pg. 23-24. IS.

Batory, Dana. (2006). Early wood-working machine manufacturers. Fine Tool Journal. 56(1). pg. 22. IS.

Beatty, Charles I. (June 2007). Untangling the Beattys -- a hundred years of edge-tool makers, Part I. The Chronicle. 60(2). pg. 49-67. IS.

Beatty, Charles I. (September 2007). Untangling the Beattys -- a hundred years of edge-tool makers, Part II. The Chronicle. 60(3). pg. 99-111. IS.

Blaisdell, Katharine. (1982). Over the river and through the years: Book four: Mills and mines. Courier Printing Company, NH. IS.

Blanchard, Clarence. (Spring 1997). The number one: Cute and useful. The Fine Tool Journal. 46(4). pg. 8-10.

Blanchard, Clarence. (Summer 2004). Leonard Bailey's adjustable try square, patented May 9, 1871. Fine Tool Journal. 54(1). pg. 6. IS.

Blanchard, Clarence. (2006). F.M. Bailey’s patents. Fine Tool Journal. 55(3). pg. 19. IS.

Blanchard, Clarence. (2006). Stanley leveling stands. Fine Tool Journal. 56(2). pg. 22. IS.

Blanchard, Clarence. (Fall 2007). Stanley plane truth & exceptions to the rule: Birdsill Holly and the Stanley Rule & Level Co. The Fine Tool Journal. 57(2). pg. 20-23. IS.

Blanchard, Clarence. (Summer 2010). Defiance by Stanley: Origins of the trademark. The Fine Tool Journal. 60(1). pg. 6-7. IS.

Blanchard, Clarence. (Summer 2010). Defiance by Stanley: Type study of the early years. The Fine Tool Journal. 60(1). pg. 8-11. IS.

Blase, Francis Jr. (1984). Heebner & Sons: Pioneers of farm machinery in America, 1840 – 1926. Hatfield Packing Company, Hatfield, PA. IS.

Blumenberg, B. (1989). Newbury/Newburyport Massachusetts: A unique cluster of American Planemakers and Cabinetmakers. The Gristmill. 54(2,3). pg. 10-13.

Blumenberg, Ben. (September 1995). An early, rare mark of Francis Nicholson. The Chronicle. 48(3). pg. 63-66. IS.

Bopp, Carl. (November 19, 1978). The Gage Tool Company and the Gage plane. CRAFTS of NJ meeting transcription by R. James Aber. IS.

Bosse, Don. (March 2016). Charles G. Miller - inventor, artisan, patternmaker, Part I. The Chronicle. 69(1). pg. 1-15.

Boyd, Milton. (June 1995). Rufus Bliss: Premier maker of wooden clamps. The Chronicle. 48(2). pg. 62-65. IS.

Boynton's Saw Works, E. M. (1876). Manufacturer of all kinds of first-class saws, frames, tools, files, etc., Boynton's pat. saw sets and pat. cross-cut handles, and sole proprietor of the genuine patent lightning saw. D. H. Gildersleve & Co., Printers, NY. Reprinted by Crafts of NJ. IS.

Brewer, Alden R. and Moore, Charles H. (September 18, 1917). Keyhole saw patent application. Serial number 1,240,173. United States Patent Office, Washington, DC. X.

Broehl, Wayne G. (1984). John Deere's company: A history of Deere & Company and its times. Doubleday, New York, NY.

Brown & Sharpe Mfg. Co. (no date). The mircrometer's story: 1867 - 1902. Brown & Sharpe, Providence, RI. Reprinted by Martin J. Donnelly Antique Tools, Bath, NY. IS.

Browne, George Waldo. (1915). The Amoskeag Manufacturing Company of Manchester, New Hampshire. Amoskeag Manufacturing Co., Manchester, NH.

Brundage, Larry. (March 1993). Harvey W. Peace's fan club. The Chronicle. 46(1). pg. 19. IS.

Burchard, S. W. (December 1978). Butcher blades in America. The Chronicle. 31(4). pg. 61.

Burchard, Seth W. and Walker, Philip. (1985). The earliest planemaking industry? Some notes for the Dutch candidature. Tool and Trades History Society Journal. 3. pg. 96f.

Burdick, James M. (ca. 1930). History of the Bailey Plane business from 1869. Internal history of the Stanley Rule & Level Company, New Britain, CT.

Butterworth, Dale and Blanchard, Clarence. (2006). Valentine Fabian and his rules. Fine Tool Journal. 55 (3). pg. 11. IS.

Chalk, Charles. (February 2003). A history of the Russell Cutlery Company. Muzzle Blasts. 64(6). pg. 4-7. X.

Cheape, Charles W. (1985). Family firm to modern multinational: Norton Company, A New England enterprise. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

Clark, Neil McCullough. (1937). John Deere. He gave to the world the steel plow. Desaulniers & Co., Moline, IL.

Collins, Samuel W. (1868). The Collins Company historical memoranda, 1826-1871. MS 72190. Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford, CT.

Cope, K. (December 1992). The Coes Wrench Company. The Gristmill. 69. pg. 16.

Cope, Ken. (March 1993). Harvey W. Peace, sawmaker. The Chronicle. 46(1). pg. 18-9. IS.

Copeland, Jennie F. (1936). Every day but Sunday: The romantic age of New England Industry. Stephen Daye Press, Brattleboro, VT. X.

Crucible Steel Company of America. (n.d.). A brief history of Park Works. Crucible Steel Company of America, Pittsburgh, PA.

Crucible Steel Company of America. (1951). 50 years of fine steelmaking. Crucible Steel Company of America, New York, NY.

DeAvila, Richard. (date unknown). Levi Tinkham. Plane Talk. VII. pg. 2-14. W.

DeAvila, Richard. (December 1989). The Jethro Jones -- Cesar Chelor connection. The Chronicle. 42(4). pg. 87-88. IS.

DeAvila, Richard. (December 1993). Ceasor Chelor and the world he lived in: Part II. Continued from 46, 2 (June 1993). The Chronicle. 46(4). pg. 91-97. IS.

Devanney, Joe. (Spring 2003). Keen Kutter. Fine Tool Journal. 52(4). pg. 10-12. IS.

Devitt, Jack. (2000). Ohio toolmakers and their tools. Tavenner Pub Co., Anderson, SC.

DeVoe, Shirley Spaulding. (1968). The tinsmiths of Connecticut. Wesleyan University Press, Middletown, CT. IS.

Disston, Henry & Sons, Inc. (no date). Disston saw, tool and file manual: How to choose and use tools. Philadelphia, PA. IS.(2)

Disston, Henry & Sons. (1920). The Disston history: History of the works. Vol. 2. Disston Saw Co., Philadelphia, PA.

Disston, Henry & Sons. (1922). Saw, tool and file book. Philadelphia, PA.

Disston, Henry & Sons, Inc. (April 1942). Disston saw, tool and file manual. Philadelphia, PA. IS.

Drew, Emily Fuller. (1937). A century of C. Drew & Company. Transcript of speech given before a regular meeting of the Jones River Village Club, Inc., on the evening of December the eleventh, 1937.  Original located at the Kingston Public Library, Kingston, MA. X.
Elliott, Carrie. (2005). Life on the river: The flow of Kingston's industries. Town of Kingston and Jones River Village Historical Society, Kingston, MA. IS.

Englund, David V. (2006). Chelor’s deluxe version planes. The Chronicle. 59 (1). pg. 22. IS.

Farnham, Alexander. (1984). Early tools of New Jersey and the men who made them. Kingwood Studio Publications, Stockton, NJ. IS.

Farnham, Alexander. (1992). Search for early New Jersey toolmakers. Kingwood Studio Publications, Stockton, NJ. IS.

Fitz Water Wheel Co. (1928). Fitz Steel Overshoot Water Wheel. Bulletin No. 70. Fitz Water Wheel Co., Hanover, PA. IS.

Freeman Supply Company. (no date). Freeman Supply Company conversion tables for making patterns for shell molding of aluminum and cast iron. Freeman Supply Company, Toledo, OH. IS.

Gage, John P. (April 15, 1913). Plane patent application. Serial # 1,059,137. United States Patent Office, Washington, DC. X.

Gaier, Dan. (Winter 2007). Reach for the wrench: Daniel Chapman Stillson: Inventor of the pipe wrench. The Fine Tool Journal. 56(3). pg. 18-21. IS.

Gaier, Dan. (Summer 2007). Reach for the wrench: John C. Speirs - bicycle wrench maker. The Fine Tool Journal. 57(1). pg. 20-23. IS.

  • A survey of the many bicycle wrenches made by Speirs for other bike-makers.

Gaier, Dan. (Winter 2009). Reach for the wrench: The Mossberg Wrench Company. The Fine Tool Journal. 58(3). pg. 22-4. IS.

Gaier, Dan. (Summer 2010). Reach for the wrench: Adjustable buggy wrenches. The Fine Tool Journal. 60(1). pg. 12-30. IS.

Garvin, James L. and Garvin, Donna-Belle. (1985). Instruments of change: New Hampshire hand tools and their makers 1800 - 1900. New Hampshire Historical Society, Canaan, NH. IS.

  • Available for perusal at the Davistown Museum and the Concord, NH, library of the State Historical Society.
  • An important reference on New Hampshire toolmakers.

Gehring, Jim. (Fall 2009). Half a bubble off: The evolution of the Davis & Cook vial mechanism. The Fine Tool Journal. 59(2). pg. 7-10.

  • Partnership of George L. Davis and Gustavus Cook of Watertown, NY.

Gehring, Jim. (Winter 2011). Half a bubble off: The other Bradford Union level. The Fine Tool Journal. 60(3). pg. 16-8. IS.

Gehring, Jim. (Fall 2011). Half a bubble off: Emil Marx, Hoosier level maker: The rest of the story. The Fine Tool Journal. 61(2). pg. 2, 15-17. IS.

Gibb, G.S. (1943). The whitesmiths of Taunton. Cambridge, MA. W.

Gordon, Robert B. (1991). Machine archeology: The John Gage planer. Journal of the Society for Industrial Archeology. 17(2). pg. 3-14.

Graham, John H. & Co. (1970). A century of hardware, John H. Graham & Co. Inc. 1870 – 1970. John H. Graham & Co., Inc., Oradell, NJ. IS.

Hall, Elton W. (June 2001). Braddock D. Hathaway, a New Bedford toolmaker. The Chronicle. 54(2). pg. 60-66. IS.

Halsey, Doris. (1972). Byram of Sag Harbor. Unpublished, prepared for the April 18, 1972 meeting of the Early Trades and Crafts Society. IS.

Hammond, John Winthrop. (1941). Men and volts: The story of General Electric. J.B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia, PA & New York, NY.

Hatch, Alden P. (1956). Remington arms in American histroy. Rinehart & Co., New York, NY.

Heckel, David E. (no date). The Stanley "forty-five" combination plane. David E Heckel, 1800 McComb St., Charleston, IL 61920.

Heckel, David E. (Fall 1996). Winchester tools "as good as the gun". The Fine Tool Journal. 46(2). pg. 6-8. IS.

Hoopes, Penrose R. (1930). Connecticut clockmakers of the eighteenth century. Dodd, Mead and Company, New York, NY. Reprinted in 1974 by Dover Publications Inc., New York, NY. IS.

Hutchins, Joseph. (September 2011). The American screw auger. The Chronicle. 64(3). pg. 89-107.

Hummel, Charles F. (1968). With hammer in hand; the Dominy craftsmen of East Hampton, New York. Published for Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum, University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA. IS(2).

Huntslar, Donald A. (2002). Ohio gunsmiths and allied tradesmen 1750 - 1950. 5 vols. Association of Ohio Longrifle Collectors, 4443 Johnstown Rd., Gahanna, OH 43230.

Hurd, S. Webster. (April 1933). John Porcius Gage. The Vineland Historical Magazine. XVIII(2). pg. 257. X.

Ingraham, Ted. (March 2001). Francis, John and Cesar: A different view of their planes. The Chronicle. 54(1). pg. 1-8. IS.

Jackson, S. Robert. (no date). The level you need, manufactured by S. Robert Jackson, Watertown, N.Y. Reprinted by Martin J. Donnelly Antique Tools, Bath, NY. IS.

Jacob, Walter W. (September 1998). The Stanley Rule & Level Company: Its historic beginning. The Chronicle. 51(3). pg. 80-84. IS.

Jacob, Walter W. (December 1998). The Stanley Rule & Level Company: Charles L. Mead and the acquisition of E. A. Stearns. The Chronicle. 51(4). pg. 120-122. IS.

Jacob, Walter W. (June 2000). Brace up for a bit of Stanley history part III: 1917 to 1958. The Chronicle. 53(2). pg. 62-65. IS.

Jacob, Walter W. (March 2001). Stanley tapes measure the world part II. The Chronicle. 54(1). pg. 31.

Jacob, Walter W. (June 2001). Stanley tapes measure the world part III. The Chronicle. 54(2). pg. 75-80. IS.

Jacob, Walter W. (September 2001). Stanley tapes measure the world part IV. The Chronicle. 54(3). pg. 121-125. IS.

Jacob, Walter W. (March 2002). The turn of the screw: The history of Stanley screwdrivers. The Chronicle. 55(1). pg. 31-34. IS.

Jacob, Walter W. (2006). Stanley’s adjustable cabinetmakers’ rabbet planes. The Chronicle. 59(1). pg. 25. IS.

Jacob, Walter W. (June 2006). The advertising signs of the Stanley Rule & Level Co. – script logo period (1920-1920). The Chronicle. 59(2). pg. 70-74. IS.

Jacob, Walter W. (September 2006). The history of Stanley four-square household tools part I. The Chronicle. 59(3). pg. 114-19. IS.

Jacob, Walter W. (March 2008). Stanley hand drills -- Part III: Early twenties steel-frame drills. The Chronicle. 61(1). pg. 35-37. IS.

Jacob, Walter W. (December 2008). Stanley hand drills part VI: Defiance brand hand drills. The Chronicle. 61(4). pg. 166-70. IS.

Jacob, Walter W. (2011). Stanley woodworking tools: The finest years: Research and type studies adapted from The Chronicle of the Early American Industries Association. Early American Industries Association, Hebron, MD. IS.

Jacob, Walter W. (June 2009). Stanley hollow-handle tool sets. The Chronicle. 62(2). pg. 77-81. IS.

Johnson, Laurence A. (December 1958). The hasher. The Chronicle. 11(4). pg. 57-59, 64. IS.

Johnson, Laurence A. (June 1959). The Barlow knife. The Chronicle. 12(2). pg. 17-21. IS.

Jones, Robert S. (May 6, 2002). Wooden plane iron makers marks. Self published. 3042 Cochise Cir. SE, Rio Rancho, NM. IS.

Kaufman, Michael D. (September 1979). Some nineteenth century Massachusetts level makers. The Chronicle. 32(3). pg. 37-41. IS.

Kebabian, John S. (September 1970). Early American factories: The Disston factory, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Chronicle. 23(3). pg. 39-40. IS.

Kebabian, John S. (March 1972). Early American factories: Buck Brothers, Millbury, Mass. The Chronicle. 25(1). pg. 10-11. IS.

Kebabian, John S. (September 1972). Early American factories: The Douglas Axe Manufacturing Company: East Douglas, Mass. The Chronicle. 25(3). pg. 43-47. IS.

Kebabian, John S. (September 1978). An American axe. The Chronicle. 31(3). pg. 45. IS.

Kebabian, John S. (September 1984). Isaiah J. Robinson: The St. Johnsbury Tool Company. The Chronicle. 37(3). pg. 47-48. IS.

Keller, Charles M., and Benson, Paul. (1989). Ignatius Streibich, blacksmith. The Chronicle. 42. pg. 47-49.

Keller, David N. (1983). Cooper Industries: 1833 - 1983. Ohio University Press, Athens, OH. IS.

Klenman, Allen. (September, 1984). The smart axe! The Chronicle. 37(3). pg. 45-46.

Klenman, Allen. (1984?). Axes made, found or sold in Canada. Booklet, self-published.

Klenman, Allen. (1990). Axe makers of North America. Whistle Punk Books, Currie's Forestgraphics Ltd., Victoria, B.C. IS.

Klenman, Allen. (March 1998). Josiah Fowler of New Brunswick. The Chronicle. 51(1). pg. 25.

Klenman, Allen. (December 1998). Amoskeag Ax Company of Manchester, New Hampshire. The Chronicle. 51(4). pg. 129-130. IS.

Korn, Peter. (2013). Why we make things and why it matters: The education of a craftsman. David R. Godine, Jaffrey, NH. IS.

Kosmerl, Frank. (March 1995). Rochester, New York: A 19th-century edge tool center: Part 2. The Chronicle. 48(1). pg. 7-12, 24, 27. IS.

Kosmerl, Frank. (June 1996). Rochester, New York: A 19th-century edge-tool center: Part III. The Chronicle. 49(2). pg. 35-42. IS.

Kuc, Wiktor. (September 2011). Walter Cresson, Philadelphia sawmaker. The Chronicle. 64(3). pg. 108-20. IS.

Lamond, Thomas C. (1997). Manufactured and Patented Spokeshaves & Similar Tools. Self-published, Lynbrook, NY. IS.

Lamond, Thomas C. (Spring 1996). The innovations of a shave maker: Leonard Bailey ... 1858 - 1869. The Fine Tool Journal. 45(4). pg. 12. IS.

Lamond, Thomas C. (Fall 1996). The Bailey Tool Co. -- The Stanley Rule & Level Co. -- Edw. Preston & Sons, Ltd.: A circumstantial connection? or... whatever happened to the Defiance spokeshave line? The Fine Tool Journal. 46(2). pg. 11-12. IS.

Lamond, Thomas C. (Spring 1997). Unconfirmed spokeshaves: Patented by Edward Preston (1908 - 1910). The Fine Tool Journal. 46(4). pg. 11. IS.

Lamond, Thomas C. (Fall 1997). Sargent spokeshaves: A brief company history and an overview of their spokeshaves.The Fine Tool Journal. 47(2). pg. 10-12. IS.

Lamond, Thomas C. (Fall 2002). Geo. D. Mosher and the Birmingham Plane Co. The Fine Tool Journal. 52(2). pg. 13-16. IS.

Lamond, Tom. (Spring 2008). Bailey scraper-spokeshaves. The Fine Tool Journal. 57(4). pg. 13-15. IS.

Lamond, Tom. (Winter 2009). Joshua Davies spokeshave. The Fine Tool Journal 58(3). pg. 26-7. IS.

Lamond, Tom. (Fall 2009). Stanley hatchets and axes. The Fine Tool Journal. 59(2). pg. 20-4. IS.

Lamond, Tom. (Summer 2011). James H Lewis… a diversified patentee. The Fine Tool Journal. 61(1). pg 6-8. IS.

Lamond, Tom. (Fall 2012). The skachet: Multi-purpose tool, hunting tool, camping tool, survival tool, fishing tool. The Fine Tool Journal. 62(2). pg. 9. IS.

Lamond, Tom. (n.d.). Axe manufacturers & purveyors in southern New England. Self-published.

Lamond, Tom. (n.d.). Axe manufacturers & purveyors in Indiana, Michigan & Ohio. Self-published.

Lamond, Tom. (n.d.). Collins & Co. Collins Manuf. Co. Collins Co.: 1826 - 1966. Self-published.

Lamond, Tom. (n.d.). Philadelphia axe makers (includes Plumb and Beatty). Self-published.

Lamond, Tom. (n.d.). The Mann axe making dynasty and the Mann Edge Tool Co. Self-published.

Lamond, Tom. (n.d.). W. C. Kelly, Kelly Axe Mfg. Co. Kelly Axe & Tool Co.: 1874-1930 and Kelly Axe & Tool Works: 1930-1987. Self-published.

Lamond, Tom. (n.d.). Axe manufacturers & purveyors in northern New England. Self-published.

Lamond, Tom. (n.d.). Canadian axe manufacturers & purveyors. Self-published.

Lamond, Tom. (n.d.). New York axe manufacturers & purveyors. Self-published.

Larsen, Ray. (September 2001). "A satisfied customer is the best advertisement" C. Drew & Co.'s caulking irons. The Chronicle. 54(3). pg. 102-109. IS.

Lasswell, Pat. (Fall 2001). Jo Fuller bench planes. Sign of the Jointer. 3(3). pg. 124-131. IS.

Leach, Patrick. (2002). Stanley Planes: The superior works: Patrick's blood and gore.

Lytle, Thomas G. (1984). Harpoons and other whalecraft. The Old Dartmouth Historical Society Whaling Museum, New Bedford, MA. IS.

Mayer, John. (1994). The mills and machinery of the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company of Manchester, New Hampshire. Journal of the Society for Industrial Archeology. 20(1/2). pg. 69-79.

Merriam, Robert L., et al. (1976). The history of the John Russell Cutlery Company, 1833-1936. Bete Press, Greenfield, MA.

Morgan, Paul W. (June 1985). The Henry Disston family enterprise: Part one of a three-part article. The Chronicle. 38(2). pg. 17-20. IS.

Morison, Samuel E. (1950). The rope makers of Plymouth. Publisher unknown, Boston, MA.

Navin, T.R. (1950). The Whitin machine works since 1831: A textile machinery company in an industrial village. Harvard Studies in Business History 15. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

Nicholson, William T. (1878). A treatise on files and rasps descriptive and illustrated: For the use of master mechanics, dealers, & c ...: With a description of the process of manufacture, and a few hints on the care and use of the file. Nicholson File Co., Providence, RI.

Page, Herb (Mr. Oldwrench). (Summer 2001). Reach for the wrench: E. F. Dixie, early manufacturer of "Hewet" patent wrenches. The Fine Tool Journal. 51(1). pg. 23-24. IS.

Page, Herb (Mr. Oldwrench). (Fall 2001). Reach for the wrench: Coes key model. The Fine Tool Journal. 51(2). pg. 6-8. IS. Page, Herb (Mr. Oldwrench). (Spring 2002). Reach for the wrench: Dodge & Wellington, Worcester wrench makers. The Fine Tool Journal. 51(4). pg. 14-15. X.

Page, Herb (Mr. Oldwrench). (Summer 2002). Reach for the wrench: The evolution of baby Coes wrenches. The Fine Tool Journal. 52(1). pg. 15-17. X.

Page, Herb (Mr. Oldwrench). (Winter 2003). Reach for the wrench: Whitman & Barnes: Extraordinary wrench makers. The Fine Tool Journal. 52(3). pg. 15. IS.

Page, Herb (Mr. Oldwrench). (Spring 2003). Reach for the wrench: Hawkeye wrenches. Fine Tool Journal. 52(4). pg. 18-20. IS.

Page, Herb. (2004). The brothers Coes and their legacy of wrenches. Sunset Mercantile Enterprises, Davenport, IA. IS.

Page, Herb. (Spring 2008). Reach for the wrench: Bemis & Call wrenches. Fine Tool Journal. 57(4). pg. 10-12. IS.

Page, Herb. (Fall 2008). Reach for the wrench: The wrenches of Peck, Stow & Wilcox Co. Fine Tool Journal. 58(2). pg. 20-3. IS.

Park, David L., Jr. (September 1983). Augustus Rothery -- file cutter. The Chronicle. 36(3). pg. 49-52. IS.

Parks, Michelle. (Thursday, September 21, 2006). Plane dealing: Arkansan elevates woodworking to an art form and is named a Living Treasure. Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. Style section.

Peck, Stow & Wilcox Co. Manufacturers. (1911). P. S. & W. Mechanics’ Handy List. Peck, Stow & Wilcox Co., Southington, CT. IS.

Pernis, Paul Van. (Summer 1998). Leonard Bailey's first planes. The Fine Tool Journal. 48(1). pg. 5-7. IS.

Pierce, Cecil. (Fall 1989). Fifty years a planemaker. Plane Talk. 13(3). pg. 196-197. IS.

Pollak, Emil & Martyl. (2001). A Guide to the Makers of American Wooden Planes. IS.

Poffenbaugh, John. (1981). Union iron and wood planes. Reprinted by the Ohio Tool Collectors Association, Galion, OH. IS.

Price, Jim. (Winter 2003). Asa Weeks' patented expansive bit.  The Fine Tool Journal. 52(3). pg. 18. IS.

Prine, Charles W. Jr. (2000). Planemakers of western Pennsylvania and environs. Astragal Press, Mendham, NJ.

Prosser, Treat T. and Gillette, George W. (February 11, 1873). Improvement in tools for facing bung-holes: Patent application. Serial number 135,843. United States Patent Office, Washington, DC. X.

Rathbone, P. T. (1999). The history of old time farm implement companies and the wrenches they issued. P.T. Rathbone, Marsing, ID.

Reeder, Layla. (date unknown). Development of modern bench planes: Millers Falls - the "Buck Rogers" planes. Tool Talk.

Rees, Jane, Ed. (2012). The tool chest of Benjamin Seaton: 1797: 2nd edition. The Tools and Trades History Society, Wakefield, UK. IS(2).

Rees, Mark. (March 1995). Four planes by Thomas Granford. The Chronicle. 48(1). pg. 13-16. IS.

Roberts, Kenneth D. (1975). Wooden planes in 19th century America. Ken Roberts Publishing Co., Fitzwilliam, NH. IS. Roberts, Kenneth D. (1978/1983). Wooden planes in nineteenth century America, volume II: The Union factory, Pine Meadow, Connecticut, 1826-1929. 2nd Ed. K.D. Roberts Publishing Co., Fitzwilliam, N.H.

Roberts, Kenneth D. and Roberts, Jane W. (1971). Planemakers and other edge tool enterprises in New York state in the nineteenth century. New York State Historical Association and Early American Industries Association, self-published. IS.

Roberts, Kenneth. (1991). Scottish and English metal planes manufactured by Stewart Spiers and manufactured by T. Norris & Son. Ken Roberts Publishing Co., Fitzwilliams, NH. IS.

Roberts, Kenneth D. and Roberts, Jane W. (1971). Planemakers and other edge tool enterprises in New York state in the nineteenth century. New York State Historical Association and Early American Industries Association, self-published.  

Robinson, Charles. (date unknown). Vermont cabinetmakers and chairmakers before 1855. Publisher unknown.

Rodengen, J. L. (date unknown). The legend of Stanley: 150 years of the Stanley Works. Publisher unknown.

Rosebrook, Donald. (1999). American levels and their makers, volume I, New England. Astragal Press, Mendham, NJ. IS.

Sargent & Company. (1911). Sargent mechanic’ tools, 1911. Sargent & Company, New Haven, CT. IS.

Sayer, William L. Ed. (1889). New Bedford: Massachusetts: Its history, industries, institutions, and attractions. Published by order of the Board of Trade. X.

Schiffer, Margaret Berwind. (1966). Furniture and its makers of Chester County, Pennsylvania.  University of Pennsylvania Press, West Chester, PA. IS.

Schindler, F. W. (May 2017). The legendary Green River knife: The scalpin' knife that changed everything. Muzzleblasts. 78(9). pg. 14-17.

Schoenky, Jim. (Spring 2003). The old boring tool notebook: McClellan's History of Patents. Fine Tool Journal. 52(4). pg. 14-17. IS.

Schoenky, Jim. (Summer 2013). The old boring tool notebook: Quimby S. Backus November 5, 1872 #132,790. Fine Tool Journal. 63(1). pg. 6-9. IS.

Schoenky, Jim. (Fall 2013). The old boring tool notebook: Quimby S. Backus June 24, 1879 #216,776. Fine Tool Journal. 63(2). pg. 6-9. IS.

Schwarz, Christopher. (2006). Veritas router plane. Fine Tool Journal. 55(3). pg. 22. IS.

Schwer, Wilbert. (September 1993). The Sandusky Tool Company story. The Chronicle. 46(3). pg. 57-68. IS.

Sellins, Alvin. (1975). The Stanley plane: A history and descriptive inventory. The Early American Industries Association, South Burlington, VT. IS.

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