Maine Toolmakers and Manufacturers
Adams, George. (1855). The Maine Register for the Year 1855: Embracing State and County Officers, and an Abstract of the Laws and Resolves: Together with a complete Business Directory of the State and a Variety of Useful Information. Boston.
American Genealogical Research Institute. (1972). Walker family history. American Genealogical Research Institute, Washington, DC.
Biographical Review. (1897). Biographical Review, containing life sketches of leading citizens of Sagadahoc, Lincoln, Knox and Waldo Counties. vol. 20. Biographical Review, Boston, MA.
Blanding, Edward Mitchell. (1899). The city of Bangor: The industries, resources, attractions and business life of Bangor and its environs. Bangor Board of Trade, Bangor, ME.
Branin, M. Lelyn. (1978). The early potters and potteries
of Maine. Maine Heritage Series No. 3. Maine State Museum, Augusta,
Brundage, Larry. (date unknown). Down East (Maine) planemakers. Plane
Talk. VII. pg. 1-20.
- See annotations in the Trades Bibliography
Brundage, Larry. (September 1981). Oakland, Maine axes
and other edge tools. The Chronicle. 34(3).
Brundage, Larry. (June 1984). The planes of Maine.
The Chronicle. 37(2). pg. 21-24. IS.
Brundage, Larry. (December 1989).
An early and elegant broad axe. The Chronicle. 42(4). pg. 97 - 98. IS.
Butterworth, Dale and Blanchard, Clarence. (Fall 2005). Central
Maine log rule makers and their rules. The Fine Tool Journal. pg
- A short note about a broad ax made by John
Worff of Madison, Maine.
Butterworth, Dale and Blumenberg,
Bennett. (September 1991). David Fuller, rural planemaker of West Gardiner,
Maine part I. The Chronicle. 44(3). pg. 67.
Butterworth, Dale and Blumenberg, Bennett. (December 1991).
David Fuller, rural planemaker of West Gardiner, Maine part II. The
Chronicle. 44(4). pg. 112 - 113. IS.
Butterworth, Dale and Blumenberg,
Bennett. (January 22, 1992). Abel Sampson: Maine's privateer turned
planemaker. Maine Planemakers No. 3. Self-published. IS.
Butterworth, Dale and Blumenberg, Bennett.
(March 1993). E. S. Lane: A Maine rule maker and scaler. The
Chronicle. 46(1). pg. 15-16. IS.
- This was later published in The Chronicle, June 1992. 45(2). pg.
Coe, Harrie B. (2002). Maine biographies. Clearfield, Baltimore, MD.
Cohen, Marcie. (1988). The journals of Joshua Whitman,
Turner, Maine, 1809-1846. In: Barnes, Peter, Ed. The Farm. Boston
University Press, Boston, MA.
Demeritt, Dwight B., Jr. (1973). Maine made guns and
their makers. Published for the Maine State Museum by Paul S. Plummer,
Jr., Hallowell, ME. Revised and reprinted by Tilbury House, Gardiner,
Fales, Cliff. (June 1992). The spiral
screwdrivers of Isaac Allard, F.A. Howard and J.W. Jones. The Gristmill.
67. pg. 10.
Getchell, Nancy L. (1956). The manufacture of axes and
scythes in Oakland, Maine. Oakland. unpublished.
Grindle, Roger L. (1971). Quarry and kiln: The story
of Maine's lime industry. Courier-Gazette, Rockland, ME. IS.
Grindle, Roger L. (1977). Tombstones
and paving blocks: The history of the Maine granite industry. Courier-Gazette,
Rockland, ME. IS.
Hatch, Louis Clinton. (1919). Maine: A history, volume 4. The American Historical Society, NY.
Kallop, Edward L. Jr. (2000). Johnson's kingdom: The
story of a nineteenth-century industrial kingdom in the town of Wayne,
Maine. Wayne Historical Society, Wayne, ME.
Kallop, Edward L. Jr. (2003). A
history of the North Wayne Tool Co. manufacturers of axes, corn hooks,
scythes and hay knives. Wayne Historical Society, Wayne, ME. IS.
Kebabian, John S. (December
1968). A visit to the Peavey factory site Oakland, Maine. The Chronicle.
21(4). pg. 62-63. IS.
- This text gives a comprehensive history of this company
and the many names it used and people who were involved with it.
- "In the Maine Register the tool company's
presence in North Wayne is first noted in 1881, when it is identified at
Bodwell & Harvey, edge-tools. Not until the year following and
thereafter is the published listing identified by company name. Whatever
was the reason for the initial listing with personal rather than company
name, it nevertheless leads to speculation on the complex role of William
Harvey in these various transactions, and his emergence as an apparently
equal partner with Joseph R. Bodwell." (pg. 77).
- "At the opening of the new century the numerous firms
manufacturing edge tools during much of the 19th century were reduced to
three; the Dunn Edge Tool Company, Emerson & Stevens, and the American
Axe and Tool Company. The last was to be out of business soon after
the century began, leaving only two, but in 1907 they were joined by the
King Axe Company. With an earlier existence as King & Messer,
the company continued under its new name until 1922 when it was sold to
others, then some twenty years later was resurrected and survived for a
brief time as King Axe and Tool Company. With a far shorter lifetime
is identified in 1906 still another newcomer to the list -- William Harvey
& Sons." (pg. 109).
- "In 1904, sharing a page with four others whose business
addresses are in either Hallowell or Gardiner, is the North Wayne Tool
Company. Identified as Manufacturers of Agricultural Edge Tools,
the company's products are named under the heading Specialties: C. C.
Brooks' Bread Knives, Corn Hooks, Hay Knives and Hoes. C. C. Brooks' little
Giant Scythes. C. C. Brooks' Be Ve Be Scythes. H. S. Earle's Little
Giant Grass Hooks. H. S. Earle's Corn Knives. Hand Made Axes of all Patterns.
Lefavour's Favorite Weeders." (pg. 110).
Klenman, Allan. (March 1997). The
Witherell Axe Company of Oakland, Maine. The Chronicle. 50(1). pg.
Kley, Ron. (Spring 1985). Researching early Maine craftsmen:
John H. Hall and the gunsmith's trade. Maine Historical Society Quarterly. 24. pg. 410-415. X.
Lamond, Tom. (Winter 2008). Wm. Harvey & Sons. The Fine Tool Journal. 57(3). pg. 18. IS.
Lamond, Tom. (Summer 2008). Marsh & Sons Co. The Fine Tool Journal. 58(1). pg. 13. IS.
Lamond, Tom. (Fall 2008). Union Axe Co. The Fine Tool Journal. 58(2). pg. 16. IS.
Lewiston Saturday Journal. 1898. Finding Klondike gold in our Maine woods: The rush to the gold fields has given a boom to the almost forgotten shovel handle industry. Lewiston Saturday Journal. pg 19. http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1930&dat=18980226&id=5CUgAAAAIBAJ&sjid=xGoFAAAAIBAJ&pg=5214,5615556.
Merriam, Paul G., Molloy, Thomas
J. and Sylvester, Theodore W., Jr. (1991). Home front on Penobscot Bay:
Rockland during the war years 1940 - 1945. The Rockland Cooperative
History Project, Rockland, ME.
Moore, Sam. (Winter 2000). Let's Talk
Rusty Iron: Cant Hook or Peavey? Rural Heritage. Gainesboro, TN.
Pierce, Cecil E. (ca. 1994). Fifty
years a planemaker and user. The Astragal Press,
Mendham, NJ. IS.
- For some citations about Bicknell Manufacturing
Company see our information file in volume 8.
Rivard, Paul E. (1985). Made in Maine: An historical
overview. Maine State Museum, Augusta, ME. W.
Rivard, Paul E. (2007). Made in Maine: From home and
workshop to mill and factory. The History Press, Charleston, SC. IS.
Robertson, Edwin B. (1977). Maine
Central steam locomotives: A roster of motive power from 1923 to the end
of the steam era. Published by the author, Westbrook, ME. IS.
Robinson, Trevor. (June 1996).
The ratchet screwdriver. The Chronicle. 49(2). pg. 54-57. IS.
Rockland Bicentennial Commission.
(1976). Shore village story: An informal history of Rockland, Maine. Courier-Gazette, Inc., Rockland, ME.
- This article includes information on Maine toolmakers G. E. Gay, John Parsons,
Zachary T. Furbish, F. L. Hamlen, and C. H. Mallett.
Rogers, Lore A. and Scribner,
Caleb W. (June 1967). The Peavey cant-dog. The Chronicle. 20(2).
pg. 17-21. IS.
- For some citations and an illustration of Livingston Manufacturing Company see our information file in volume 8.
Sawtell, William R. (1982). Katahdin
Iron Works: Boom to bust. Self-published, Milo, ME.
Sawtell, William R. (1983). Katahdin
Iron Works revisited / compiled by William R. Sawtell. Self-published,
Sawtell, William R. (1988). K.
I. III. Furbush-Roberts Printing Co., Bangor, ME.
Sawtell, William R. (1993). Katahdin
Iron Works and Gulf Hagas: Before and beyond. Self-published, Milo,
Sawtell, William R. (date unknown).
Video: History of Katahdin Iron Works and Gulf Hagas.
Schwarz, Chris. (Summer 2004). Lie-Nielsen chisels: Better
than vintage. Fine Tool Journal. 54(1). pg. 14-16. IS.
Springer, Moses. (January 18, 1849). Largest scythe manufactory
in the world. Maine Farmer.
- "Thomas Lie-Nielsen took the balance and feel of the [Stanley] 750, but
he made the blade using tough cryogenically treated A2 steel instead of
carbon steel. He also replaced the ugly red-painted oak (I think
it's oak) handle with a finely turned and finished American hornbeam version."
Yeaton, Donald G. (2000). Axe
makers of Maine. Unpublished, Donald Yeaton, 51 Strafford Rd., Rochester,
NH 03867-4107. IS.
- Donald Yeaton's list of the ax-makers of Maine has been collated with
our Registry of Maine Toolmakers. Many of the ax-makers in his directory are not listed
in the latest edition of DATM (Nelson 1999). Further contributions to this
list are welcomed and will be forwarded to Mr. Yeaton.
- Mr. Yeaton has devoted a lifetime of work to collecting axes and compiling
this listing. His sources include Maine business directories and
town histories, and the importance of his work is reflected in the large
number of ax-makers not listed in the latest edition of the Directory of
American Tool Makers.