, Thomas C. The Bailey
Tool Co. -- The Stanley Rule & Level Co. -- Edw. Preston & Sons,
Ltd.: A circumstantial connection? or... whatever happened to the Defiance
, Thomas C. Unconfirmed
spokeshaves: Patented by Edward Preston (1908 - 1910).
& Sons, Ltd. The "PRESTON" catalogue: rules, levels, planes,
braces and hammers, thermometers, saws, mechanic's tools, &c., Edward
Preston & Sons, Ltd., Birmingham, England, Catalogue No. 18, May 1909.
Rees, Mark. Edward Preston & Sons of Birmingham, an outline history.
- "Indications are that the firm became involved in producing metal-body
spokeshaves sometime during the 1880s. Actually they appear to have
been one of the earliest British manufacturers to commit to making spokeshaves
completely of metal, a practice that had been proliferating in America
for some years." (pg. 11).