Early Furnace Technology

The following illustrations are from various papers in: Craddock, P.T. and Hughes, M.J., Eds. (1985). Furnaces and smelting technology in antiquity. British Museum Occasional Paper 48, London, England.

bloomery furnaceA domed type furnace with a re-heating hearth at a Romano-British archaeological site. (pg. 163).

early iron age furnace(pg. 149).

smelting iron in a bowl furnace(pg. 182).

shaft bloomery furnace(pg. 19).

terracotta furnace
This schema of a crucible shaped copper-smelting furnace is from a copper-bronze age site in the Aravalli Hill site of India.  (pg. 65).