Hammacher, Schlemmer & Co.
New York , NY
1885-1900 (and on)
Adzes, Axes, Pliers, Rules, Wood Planes, Wrenches
Directory of American Toolmakers Information
Albert Hammacher and William Schlemmer ran a hardware store, marking a variety of tools. It is unclear whether Schlemmer worked for Hammacher & Co. before becoming a partner in 1885. An existing William Schlemmer & Co. hardware business in 1871 seems to make it likely that he was independent. Some tools they sold with unknown makers include nipper pliers patented 25 September 1893 (invalid date) and called "Mediden" and a piano tuning wrench patented by "Mueller," 3 October 1899.
H.S.&Co NY; Various configurations of the maker's name, city name or initials, and sometimes a street address.
Hammacher, Schlemmer & Co. was a very successful hardware store. By 1912 it had the largest catalog of any hardware dealer on the east coast, totalling 1,112 pages. Their product line eventually included the first pop-up toaster, electric razor, answering machine and microwave oven. They are in business today, carrying lines of giftware.
the noted Meriden nippers
Nelson, Robert E., Ed. (1999). Directory of American Toolmakers: A listing of identified makers of tools who worked in Canada and the United States before 1900. Early American Industries Association.
Hammacher, Schlemmer & Co. (no date).Piano, Organ and Violin Tools, Catalog No. 142. Facsimile of the original. Bath, NY. Martin J. Donnelly Antique Tools.
http://www.hammacher.com/ -- The modern Hammacher & Schlemmer website